HMDA Final Rule Update For Reporting In 2020

On October 10, 2019, the CFPB issued a final rule that could affect your HMDA reporting for 2020. The first part of the rule extends the 500 threshold for open-end lines of credit until January 1, 2022. This means that institutions that originate fewer than 500 open-end lines of credit in the two preceding calendar years will not be required to report these lines of credit on their 2020 and 2021 LARS.

This final rule also incorporates the partial exemptions that were laid out in EGRRCPA into Regulation C. It also incorporates clarifications that smaller institutions have encountered when collecting their data to comply with the partial exemptions. Such as, whether a partial exemption applies after a merger or acquisition.

A copy of the final HMDA rule can be found below.

https://files.consumerfinance.gov/f/documents/cfpb_hmda_final-rule-2019.pdf

At Regulatory Solutions, we have developed HMDA software in order to complete full HMDA scrubs, including for those who qualify for partial exemptions.

CFPB Issues HMDA Consent Order

The CFPB recently issued a consent order against Freedom Mortgage Corporation for HMDA violations. These violations mainly revolved around the collection and reporting of applicant’s demographic information and spanned four years of HMDA reporting. Specifically, the Corporation was found to have violated Regulation C by:

  • Selecting non-Hispanic white for the applicant’s race and ethnicity if the applicant did not provide the information for applications taken over the phone, regardless of the accuracy of the information.
  • For applications taken over the phone, they misreported the applicant’s ethnicity and race as non-Hispanic white even when the applicants provided different information.
  • Rather than addressing an internal system issue that would eliminate certain information if the applicant’s sex was not provided, the Corporation selected a sex for the applicant regardless of the accuracy.

None of the errors made by the Corporation were considered to be bona fide errors as allowed by Reg C. 1003.6(b)(1) which states that a bona fide error is an error in compiling or recording data that was unintentional and occurred despite procedures in place to avoid such an error. Among other orders, the Corporation was ordered to develop and maintain new policies and procedures to ensure accurate collection and reporting of their HMDA data. They also must pay a $1.75 million civil money penalty for these violations.

Regulatory Solutions has developed proprietary software to scrub and verify the data in your HMDA LAR. Please contact us today to discuss how we can help you to ensure that your HMDA data is correct.

CFPB Proposed Rule for HMDA Reporting Requirements

The CFPB issued a proposed rule on May 2, 2019 that would change the HMDA reporting requirements and could have a significant impact on smaller financial institutions. The proposed rule would increase the closed-end coverage threshold from 25 to 100 loans originated in the previous two years. Additionally, it proposes to extend the current open-end threshold of 500 lines of credit until January 1, 2022. The proposed rule would also incorporate new interpretations and procedures into Regulation C. If this were to become part of the HMDA regulation, it would not take effect until January 1, 2020.

https://www.consumerfinance.gov/policy-compliance/rulemaking/rules-under-development

 

Commercial/Business Purpose Loans Under New HMDA Reporting

Now that the first quarter of HMDA reporting under the news rules is complete – one consistent question we receive is regarding whether a particular commercial/business purpose loan is HMDA reportable?

Under Regulation C if a closed-end mortgage loan or an open-end line of credit is for commercial/business purpose and is secured by a dwelling and is for a home purchase, refinance (dwelling secured loan replacing dwelling secured loan) or home improvement then it is HMDA reportable.   Remember that on home improvement it must also be secured by a dwelling. Non-dwelling secured loans for the purpose of home improvement are no longer reportable. Also, remember a dwelling is not limited to just a 1-4 family structure but includes multifamily dwellings that contain five or more dwelling units and includes a manufactured home community.

You must look both at purpose and security to determine if the commercial/business loan is reportable. For example, if the purpose of the loan is for cash flow and it is secured by the owner’s primary dwelling, then the loan would not be HMDA reportable because the purpose is not home purchase, refinance or home improvement.  However, if the borrower asks to refinance a loan secured by their dwelling for cash flow purposes for their business, the loan would be HMDA reportable because the purpose is refinance as a dwelling secured loan which replaces a dwelling secured loan.

Regulation C Section 1003.3(c)(10) and the official interpretations set forth the rules regarding closed-end mortgage loan or an open-end line of credit that is or will be made primarily for a commercial or business purpose.

Using our proprietary HMDA Scrub software, Regulatory Solutions is your source for HMDA Scrubs. Please call us at 855-734-7655 for details.